Correction of the literature

Case

Institution refuses to investigate scientific issues

20-01

A publisher was alerted to possible issues with band duplication in an article (more than 10 years old) by a reader. The corresponding author was contacted to resolve the issue. The author was unable to provide a satisfactory explanation for the bands, and because of the age of the article, the original data were no longer available. The institution was asked to investigate; a summary of the case was provided and the similarities in the bands using an open source tool were highlighted. 

Case

Appropriate scope of review for retractions

19-12

An institutional review recommended retraction of certain works by a highly prolific and influential author who has since died. The institutional review focused on a relatively small portion of this author’s work. The institution recommended retraction based on deeming the articles unsafe and identifying several concerns, including that the articles' conclusions were implausible.

Case

Correcting the affiliation of an author after publication

19-07

A manuscript was published in our journal in 2015, and at the time of publishing (as now), the author was a faculty member of a university. The author's affiliation was not declared in the article, just the author's qualifications. Now the author wishes us to correct the paper and list her affiliation in the article.

Question(s) for the COPE Forum

News

In the news: January 2019 Digest

Journal management

There has been much discussion of Plan S over the last month, especially since cOAlition S released their implementation guidance on 27th November
https://www.coalition-s.org/wp-content/uploads/271118_cOAlitionS_Guidance.pdf 

Case

Dispute arising from peer review of a rejected comment and published correction

19-02

In 2016, group A published manuscript X in our journal. In early 2017, group B submitted a comment critical of the published manuscript. Following peer review, in accordance with the journal’s then active policy, the comment was rejected from further consideration. The policy allowed for the author of the original article to be one of the peer reviewers of the comment.

News

Letter from the COPE co-Chairs: November 2018

My initial introduction to COPE many years ago occurred when, as an editor of a peer reviewed journal, a reviewer called to my attention, a blatant example of fabrication in a manuscript in which years and volumes of references had been altered to make them more current. I contacted COPE, presented the case at a Forum, and received excellent advice and consultation. This ultimately resulted in numerous retractions of manuscripts published by this researcher, across three journals.

About this resource

Cite this as

COPE Council. COPE Flowcharts and infographics - Image manipulation in a published article — English.
https://doi.org/10.24318/cope.2019.2.21
©2021 Committee on Publication Ethics (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)
https://publicationethics.org

 

Version history
Version 1: October 2018.

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News

Research Data: Institutions are key to management and post-publication concerns

Guest article

Susan Garfinkel, Ph.D. Assistant Vice President for Research Compliance, The Ohio State University

About this resource

Author Developed by COPE Council in collaboration with Springer Nature
Version 1 November 2018
How to cite this
COPE Council. Systematic manipulation of the publication process. Version 1. 2018 https://doi.org/10.24318/cope.2019.2.23

Our COPE materials are available to use under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs license
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/
Attribution — You must attribute the work in the manner specified by the author or licensor (but not in any way that suggests that they endorse you or your use of the work).
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You may not alter, transform, or build upon this work. We ask that you give full accreditation to COPE with a link to our website: publicationethics.org

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  • 12 February 2021

    Revision to title in line with the new All Flowcharts PDF

  • 11 February 2021

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  • 11 February 2021

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