COPE's guidance on what to do if a reader suspects that there is an undisclosed conflict of interest in a published article. (Version 2, 2013)
To avoid future problems: always get signed statements of conflicts of interest from all authors and reviewers before publication. Ensure that journal guidelines include a clear definition of what a conflict of interest is.
About this resource
Author Developed for COPE by Liz Wager of Sideview © 2013 Committee on Publication Ethics First published 2006
Version 1 2006
How to cite this
COPE Council.What to do if a reader suspects undisclosed conflict of interest (CoI) in a published article. Version 2. 2013
Our COPE materials are available to use under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs license
Attribution — You must attribute the work in the manner specified by the author or licensor (but not in any way that suggests that they endorse you or your use of the work).
Non-commercial — You may not use this work for commercial purposes. No Derivative Works —
You may not alter, transform, or build upon this work. We ask that you give full accreditation to COPE with a link to our website: publicationethics.org