Showing 176–200 of 593 results.

All the cases COPE has discussed since 1997 are here in a searchable database. We have over 500 cases, with the advice given by the COPE Forum (COPE members) or by COPE Council (designated with a “C” case number) and, for some cases, follow-up information and outcome. We hope this database will provide a valuable resource for editors and those researching publication ethics.

You can search by classification or keyword or by filtering your inquiry by core practice. The COPE Case Taxonomy gives more detail of COPE's classifications and keywords. 

We encourage members to look at the database before submitting a case to the Forum or to COPE Council to see if similar cases have already been discussed. Please note that advice is specific to the particular case under consideration and may not necessarily be applicable to similar cases either past or future.

The cases are brought by COPE members to the Forum (or to Council) and are discussed between all the participants of the Forum (or members of the Council). The notes in each case reflect the discussion that took place. The advice from the Forum participants (or from Council) is provided back to the member who brought the case, but the final decision on handling the case lies with the member editor and/or publisher.

COPE accepts no liability for any loss or damage caused or occasioned as a result of advice given by them or by any COPE member. Advice given by COPE and its members is not given for the purposes of court proceedings within any jurisdiction and may not be cited or relied upon for this purpose.

  1. Breach of peer review confidentiality

  2. No ethics committee approval of a study

  3. Falsified references

  4. Claim from an author that his name should not have been included as author on a paper

  5. Authorship dispute

  6. Lack of acknowledgement of contributor

  7. A claim of stolen data and a demand for retractions

  8. Retract, correct, or both?

  9. Suspect author

  10. Plagiarism of published paper

  11. Is it unethical to reject unregistered (or late-registered) trials?

  12. Suspicion of breach of proper peer reviewer behaviour

  13. The ethics of drug/medication use evaluation audit cycles and publication of the results

  14. Author non-disclosure by editor in chief

  15. Inadequate reporting of a trial, despite earlier rejection from a different journal

  16. Supervisor publishes PhD students work

  17. Question of paper retraction due to proven fabricated data

  18. Dual publication

  19. Self-plagiarism?

  20. What constitutes authorship?

  21. Parallels between unpublished manuscript and a published article from other authors

  22. Possible dual publication

  23. Conflicting claims of intellectual property?

  24. Case of duplicate publication detected after 9 years

  25. Retraction or expression of concern?