Showing 151–175 of 593 results.

All the cases COPE has discussed since 1997 are here in a searchable database. We have over 500 cases, with the advice given by the COPE Forum (COPE members) or by COPE Council (designated with a “C” case number) and, for some cases, follow-up information and outcome. We hope this database will provide a valuable resource for editors and those researching publication ethics.

You can search by classification or keyword or by filtering your inquiry by core practice. The COPE Case Taxonomy gives more detail of COPE's classifications and keywords. 

We encourage members to look at the database before submitting a case to the Forum or to COPE Council to see if similar cases have already been discussed. Please note that advice is specific to the particular case under consideration and may not necessarily be applicable to similar cases either past or future.

The cases are brought by COPE members to the Forum (or to Council) and are discussed between all the participants of the Forum (or members of the Council). The notes in each case reflect the discussion that took place. The advice from the Forum participants (or from Council) is provided back to the member who brought the case, but the final decision on handling the case lies with the member editor and/or publisher.

COPE accepts no liability for any loss or damage caused or occasioned as a result of advice given by them or by any COPE member. Advice given by COPE and its members is not given for the purposes of court proceedings within any jurisdiction and may not be cited or relied upon for this purpose.

  1. Duplicate publication allegation

  2. Retraction or correction?

  3. Self-plagiarism of review article

  4. Lost raw data

    Case number: 
    Case Closed
  5. Seeking retrospective ethics approval

  6. Disagreement between authors and sponsor

  7. Is this previous publication?

  8. Case of figure duplication and manipulation involving two journals

  9. An enquiry about arbitrating reviewers

    Case number: 
    Case Closed
  10. Lack of trial registration leads to new concerns about study conduct and ethical review/approval

  11. Duplicate publication and alleged image manipulation

  12. Mislabelling/duplicate images

  13. Late introduction of an omitted author after online publishing

  14. Retractions of primary literature papers: how should a review journal react?

  15. WAME case

  16. Data fabrication, lack of ethical approval, withdrawal of paper and publication in another journal

  17. Possible conflict of interest

  18. Plagiarism of reviewer's work

  19. Author of rejected letter blames global bias against his message and undisclosed conflicts of interest

  20. Duplicated gel images

  21. Author of rejected letter to the editor blames global bias against his message and undisclosed conflicts of interest

    Case number: 
  22. Submissions from members of the editorial board

  23. Author misconduct

  24. Authorship order dispute

  25. Nuisance author